This triple-keyboard harpsichord is too good to be true. Antique dealer Leopold Franciolini added two keyboards to the original instrument to concoct a ‘rare’ 17th-century harpsichord that would appeal to collectors. In truth, such a harpsichord never existed at the time.This instrument is an example of the work of the notorious instrument dealer Leopoldo Franciolini and its current state is by no means original or representative of a historical state. The instrument was shortened and the three keyboards were inserted into the original single-manual instrument by Franciolini in the late 19th century. These may well have been taken from an organ. The original nameboard has survived, although it was reversed to allow for the extra keyboards. Although its current state is fraudulent, this instrument represents what happened to many instruments which passed through Franciolini’s workshop. (Raymond Russell Collection).