MakerHawkes and Son
Place MadeLondon; Europe; England; United Kingdom
Date MadeAnte 1932, probably 1920s
DescriptionTechnical description: Silver-plated brass; final section of bell flare fitted to bell-pipe with flanged joint and secured with two screws with heads pierced by rods, the bell mouth can to rotated to point in any desired direction. Valve type: 3 Périnet valves (not inspected as top caps stuck, but apparently conventional, bottom-sprung). Repair History: A replacement mouthpipe and mouthpipe supporting rods supplied by A.K.F. Wilson, 1982.
Other InformationGeneral usage of type: The original sousaphone, as made by Pepper in 1893, had the bell directed upwards (the 'raincatcher' model), It was intended for concert use, not marching. Conn made them soon afterwards. The 'sousaphone grand' or bell-forward model was first made by Conn c1908 for player Ted Pounder. Other makers followed.
Notesr.parks, 19.2.94; a.myers.
Measurements1320; bell 587.
ProvenancePurchased in 1983 with assistance from the Government's Local Museums Purchase Fund and the University's General Council Trust.
CollectionMIMEd; Glen Collection